Only one right is stated TWICE in both of the main human rights treaties...

'All peoples may, for their own ends, freely dispose of their natural wealth and resources... In no case may a people be deprived of its own means of subsistence.'
- ICCPR - ICESCR, Common Article 1

'Nothing in the present Covenant shall be interpreted as impairing the inherent right of all peoples to enjoy and utilize fully and freely their natural wealth and resources.'
- ICCPR Article 47, ICESCR, Article 25

98% of the world's population lives in a state that is already party to one of these treaties that affirms all peoples’ rights to their resources.

Clean Trade works with legal professionals to secure the human right of all peoples to hold their government accountable for resource sales.

Respect for this right is crucial for good governance and sustainable growth--and for countries to be at peace with themselves and the world.

If you are a legal professional who would like to work with us toward these goals please contact us.

Legal Resources


The toronto Memo

The status in international law of the people's rights to their resources is analyzed in this memo prepared at the University of Toronto School of Law.


wto law

The compatibility of Clean Trade policies with WTO law is discussed in this article by Lorand Bartels of the University of Cambridge School of Law. 


tort law

The use of transnational tort law to fight for the people's rights to their natural wealth is explored in this study.